Emsam is a brand name of selegiline. This drug is used for the treatment for Parkinson’s disease and depression. Emsam comes in the form of patch that should be applied on the skin.
Emsam’s active component is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) called selegiline. MAOIs prevent the activity of enzymes in the monoamine oxidase family, and are regarded as the best treatment in cases when tricyclic antidepressants and SSRIs proved to be ineffective. The latest MAOIs such as selegiline are regarded as safe for initial stage of treatment.
This drug is mostly used for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, as it increases the effect of L-DOPA chemicals that fight the illness. Emsam is the first transdermal patch with selegiline as a main active component. It consists of 3 layers: an outer layer, an adhesive layer and a release liner. The adhesive patch delivers the medicine through the skin to the blood.
Emsam transdermal patches come in 6, 9 or 12 mg dosage.
As Selegiline contains the same elements as some illicit drugs, it is a controlled substance in Japan which can be bought only on prescription.
Selegiline is not a controlled substance in the US, but needs a doctor’s prescription to get from a drug store.
Emsam dosage depends on the patient’s health condition. Usually, one patch must be used a day.
The most common adverse effects of this drug are:
– Head pain
– Enlarged pupils
– Increased photosensitivity
– Brest pain
– Mood changes
– Irregular heartbeat
– Uncommon body movements
– Soreness in the throat
– Sickness and vomiting
Severe adverse effects of the drug are:
– Breathing problems
– Lack of appetite
– Unusual body movements
– Muscle fatigue or pain
– Lack of balance
– Increased heartbeat
– Vomiting blood
Adverse effects from selegiline may go away on their own as the body gets used to the medication. However, seek medical assistance if adverse effects persist or get worse.
Emsam can enhance the risk of suicidal tendencies and thoughts in kids, adolescents and young people. Therefore, doctor must pay special attention to mood and behavioral changes in patients taking Emsam.
Emsam is unsafe for the kids under the age of 12, as it can cause hypotension.
Emsam can interact negatively with other drugs, and even lead to a life-threatening state known as Serotonin Syndrome. Consult your doctor about all other drugs you’re taking before beginning the treatment.
Avoid meals and drinks containing tyramine (for example, aged cheese, soybeans, fermented meats and alcohol) during the treatment with Emsam.