Cozaar is widely used in cardiology. Instructions for the use of the drug should be carefully studied. It says that this medicine is used in the treatment of arterial hypertension, heart failure and diabetic nephropathy.
The action of Cozaar affects the fine mechanisms of the cardiovascular system. It belongs to the group of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB). Note that angiotensin is a substance found in our body. It is formed from renin, which in turn is synthesized in the kidneys. Angiotensin has the ability to contract blood vessels. Let us explain how this happens.
This ability is provided by the so-called angiotensin receptors, concentrated mainly in the walls of the arteries. Angiotensin clings to these receptors and the lumen of the vessels narrows. By implacable logic, the result of this narrowing is the increase in blood pressure. What does Cozaar do? He also attaches to the receptors and does not give angiotensin to have a harmful effect on the vessels. This in turn leads to normalization of blood pressure.
The above-stated ability of Cozaar is highly valued by cardiologists, as it makes it possible to facilitate the treatment of a number of diseases of the cardiovascular system, including diabetic nephropathy (a complex of lesions of the arteries, arterioles, glomeruli and tubules of the kidneys, this disease affects 75% of people with diabetes), arterial hypertension and heart failure. Also, experts note that Cozaar can be used as a complex with other medicines, and individually.
Most often, adults are prescribed tablets in a daily dosage of 50 mg, the maximum possible to take no more than 100 mg. In this case, this volume is divided into several methods. The drug does not irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach, so it can be taken before and after eating.
Interactions with other medicines
Experts do not advise taking Cozaar together with preparations of a group of potassium-sparing diuretics. These include, for example, Triamteren and Amilorid. The fact is that Cozaar is able to increase the level of potassium in the blood. The most indicative symptom in this case is a strong arrhythmia. The action of Cozaar can be prevented by other medications, for example, anti-inflammatory drugs.
The main prohibition to use strong drugs is breastfeeding and pregnancy. Cozaar is no exception. It can’t be taken especially during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Neglect of this rule is fraught with the death of the fetus.
Now about the side reactions that Cozaar can provoke. Instructions for use asserts that diarrhea, muscle cramps, dizziness, insomnia and allergies are not excluded. Doctors also recommend taking a closer look at the kidneys, their function may be disturbed and this should be detected and prevented in time.