Many people are well aware of such a disease as hypertension. With the exacerbation of hypertensive disease, there is a severe headache, heart rate increases, blood pressure rises sharply. To treat this disease, it is necessary to regularly take special medicines, one of which is Capoten. Indication for the use of this medication is aimed specifically at treating various forms of hypertensive crises.
This drug belongs to a group of drugs that, by their pharmacological action, are inhibitors of the ACE-angiotensin-converting enzyme. Angiotensin is an oligopeptide hormone that causes vasoconstriction. Under the influence of Capoten, the total amount of angiotensin is reduced. As a result, the lumen of large blood vessels expands and blood pressure decreases. The main therapeutic effect of this drug has on the central arteries, and the expansion of the venous channel affects to a lesser extent. If you take this medication for a long time, it also has a stimulating effect on the restoration of blood microcirculation in small blood vessels.
Thus, Capoten can be used not only to treat various forms of hypertension and cardiovascular disorders, but also for preventive purposes in diabetes mellitus, in particular, diabetic angiopathy of the renal tubules. After taking this medication, within 1 to 1.5 hours, a steady decrease in blood pressure is achieved. If you take the drug for a long time, then during the day there are no sharp jumps in blood pressure.
In medical practice, doctors often use Capoten. Indications for the use of this specific drug are quite narrowly focused. The drug is intended for the treatment of all types of hypertensive disease associated with impaired circulation of blood in the vessels, for the relief of severe forms of hypertensive crises. Assign a drug in the functional lesions of the ventricles of the heart, which occur against the background of myocardial infarction (in the stage of persistent remission). Capoten is used in heart failure subacute and chronic type. Also, this drug is used in diabetes mellitus for the treatment of abnormalities of the renal system and angiopathy of the lower limbs, caused by increased arterial pressure, that have arisen against it.
The admission of Capoten is allowed only under the supervision of the attending physician. Self-treatment is unacceptable, especially for a long period of time. During the administration of the drug, a biochemical blood test should be performed regularly. If laboratory tests show an increase in the percentage of urea, a rise in creatinine clearance, then this indicates a violation of renal activity. Then the daily dose of the medication is reduced or completely abolished.
How to take Capoten
Capoten tablets are taken an hour before eating, squeezed with plenty of water. Recommended therapeutic dose is 12.5 milligrams twice a day. In case of side effects, the dosage is reduced to 6.25 milligrams. Sometimes to reduce blood pressure a combination of treatment schemes are appointed, in particular, additionally diuretics are used.
Capoten is a serious specific medicine. Any violation of the regimen prescribed by the doctor can cause a sharp jump in blood pressure. It is also necessary to take into account contraindications to the use of this drug. These include ischemic heart disease in the acute stage, renal and hepatic insufficiency, a violation of the hematopoietic function, stenosis of the aorta. It is not recommended to use this medication if there is an individual intolerance to its components, during pregnancy and lactation, and to persons under the age of 18 years.
It should be noted that sometimes on the background of treatment with Capoten a specific cough develops or regional lymph nodes increase. After withdrawal of the medication, these symptoms disappear. An overdose of the drug can trigger a disorder of cerebral circulation, the development of myocardial infarction.
If you follow the advice of a doctor, then treatment with Capoten will lead to a stable level of blood pressure for a long time.